The Circumcision of the Heart (Romans 2:17-29)

The Jews of the Old Testament put a lot of emphasis on the ritual of circumcision. This physical procedure performed on baby boys was the sign of God’s covenant with them. The surgical cutting was a symbol of God’s favor that went all the way back to the times of Moses and even Abraham. It represented a special promise from God that He would bless His chosen people with land, many descendants, and His very presence. Along with circumcision came the Law, the commandments of God that were given to guide His people in how to live for Him. The Jews had not been left to wander in the darkness of sin like the pagans described in Romans 1. No, the Jews had the Law to show them God’s righteous expectations for their lives. Having both circumcision and the Law were meant to be great blessings for the Jewish people.

But circumcision and the Law were never intended to save people. They were outward things that were meant to show God’s people their need for His mercy and grace. God did not mean for His people to simply go through the motions of keeping many laws and completing many rituals like circumcision without letting those symbols stir their hearts to love and trust in Him. Religion as God designed it is good when it leads us to an inward turning of our souls toward Him. But when it becomes a rote, dead collection of “ought to’s” being done with thoughtless, cold automation, then we have tragically missed the point altogether.

In today’s passage, Paul is pleading with proud religious people to stop putting their spiritual trust in their good works and outward obedience to rituals. Such people boast that they the know much about God and how to follow Him (Romans 2:17-20). Yet they do not even see the deadly problem of sin in their own lives (vv. 21-23). They are quick to judge others and do not even realize that their own sins are dishonoring God’s name among the unchurched community (v. 24). God cares not for the outward actions of religion if a person does not love Him and do His will (vv. 25-27).

What God wants is a circumcision of the heart (vv. 28-29). What He wants to see in us is inner repentance and faith that leads to outward obedience. That is a work that is done by the Holy Spirit who lives inside the born again believer in Jesus Christ. It cannot be done through any amount of human effort. But through faith in Christ, that type of supernatural spiritual change is possible. I pray you experience even now the joy of God’s presence and blessing. May His Spirit cut all our hearts afresh today.

The Text (Romans 1:26-32)

17 Indeed you are called a Jew, and rest on the law, and make your boast in God, 18 and know His will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law, 19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having the form of knowledge and truth in the law. 21 You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal? 22 You who say, “Do not commit adultery,” do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23 You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law? 24 For “the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,” as it is written.

25 For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 26 Therefore, if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? 27 And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law? 28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; 29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.

Questions to Think About

  1. What kinds of outward rituals do people sometimes trust in for salvation instead of putting their hope in Christ alone?
  2. Why do you think that God cares more about the state of our hearts than our outward acts of religious obedience?
  3. Have you ever met someone who was religious but seemed cold and distant in their love for God? Have you ever felt that way yourself? Explain.
  • Notes
    • The Jews were right to believe that they were God’s chosen people, but they were wrong to think that they were better than the rest of the world. God had always told them that He did not choose them because they were good or mighty, but simply because of His love and grace (example: Deuteronomy 9:4-6). Also, God had planned for Israel to be a witness and light to the Gentiles, to show the nations the way to God. The Jews should have been inclusive, bringing lost people into the blessings of salvation. They weren’t and God judged them it. This is a strong reminder to those of you who have grown up in the church, Christians schools, and godly families that you should not become proud of those blessings. Instead, take advantage of your heritage of faith and use it as a source of strength in bringing others to Christ!
    • Passages like today’s also show us that God’s plan of salvation for His people has always centered on a grace and faith-based relationship with Him. Just as people today cannot be saved by good works and religious actions, the Jews in the Old Testament were not saved by their outward rituals and obedience to the Law. Those were just symbols and tutors to show them their need for God’s love and mercy. May we remember that lesson well in our own daily walks with Christ.

    In Christ,

    Mr. Reel

    2 thoughts on “The Circumcision of the Heart (Romans 2:17-29)

    1. Thank you for writing these devotions. I love reading and answering the questions. I have used these devotions to tell people about Christ and to tell friends things that I think they should know or refresh on. Thank you for making this school a better place.

      Eli Carraway


    Leave a Reply

    Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

    You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

    Google photo

    You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

    Twitter picture

    You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

    Facebook photo

    You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

    Connecting to %s